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The Identification and Optimization of Orally Efficacious, Small Molecule VLA-4 Antagonists

[ Vol. 4 , Issue. 14 ]

Author(s):

Donna M. Huryn, Andrei W. Konradi, Susan Ashwell, Stephen B. Freedman, Louis J. Lombardo, Michael A. Pleiss, Eugene D. Thorsett, Ted Yednock and Jeffrey D. Kennedy   Pages 1473 - 1484 ( 12 )

Abstract:


The identification of orally active, small molecule antagonists of the α4β1 integrin, VLA-4, could lead to therapeutic agents with utility in a number of clinical settings, including asthma, multiple sclerosis and IBD. Starting from CDR3 sequences conserved among neutralizing α4 antibodies, peptides were identified that antagonized VLA-4 mediated adhesion in vitro. Through a series of structural modifications, these peptides evolved into small molecules that exhibited high potency and selectivity for VLA-4 in cell adhesion assays. Finally, through the optimization of physical and pharmacokinetic properties, compounds were identified that exhibited oral activity in animal models of asthma and multiple sclerosis.

Keywords:

vla-4 antagonist, cell adhesion, pro-drug, multiple sclerosis, asthma

Affiliation:

Wyeth Research, CN8000,Princeton, NJ 08543, USA.



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