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Role of Extracellular Vesicles in Glioma Progression: Deciphering Cellular Biological Processes to Clinical Applications

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 8 ]

Author(s):

Rashmi Rana*, Shikha Joon, Kirti Chauhan, Vaishnavi Rathi, Nirmal Kumar Ganguly, Chandni Kumari and Dharmendra Kumar Yadav*   Pages 696 - 704 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Glioma predominantly targets glial cells in the brain and spinal cord. There are grade I, II, III, and IV gliomas with anaplastic astrocytoma and glioblastoma multiforme as the most severe forms of the disease. Current diagnostic methods are limited in their data acquisition and interpretation, markedly affecting treatment modalities, and patient outcomes. Circulating extracellular vesicles (EVs) or “magic bullets” contain bioactive signature molecules such as DNA, RNA, proteins, lipids, and metabolites. These secretory “smart probes” participate in myriad cellular activities, including glioma progression. EVs are released by all cell populations and may serve as novel diagnostic biomarkers and efficient nano-vehicles in the targeted delivery of encapsulated therapeutics. The present review describes the potential of EV-based biomarkers for glioma management.

Keywords:

Biomarker, Diagnostic, Extracellular vesicle, Glioma, Therapeutic, Smart probes.

Affiliation:

Department of Research, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi-110060, Department of Research, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi-110060, Department of Research, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi-110060, Department of Research, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi-110060, Department of Research, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi-110060, Gachon Institute of Pharmaceutical Science and Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Gachon University, Incheon, Gachon Institute of Pharmaceutical Science and Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Gachon University, Incheon

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