Irina Kufareva, Yu-Chen Chen, Andrey V. Ilatovskiy and Ruben Abagyan Pages 1869 - 1882 ( 14 )
Transient interactions of endogenous and exogenous small molecules with flexible binding sites in proteins or macromolecular assemblies play a critical role in all biological processes. Current advances in high-resolution protein structure determination, database development, and docking methodology make it possible to design three-dimensional models for prediction of such interactions with increasing accuracy and specificity. Using the data collected in the Pocketome encyclopedia, we here provide an overview of two types of the three-dimensional ligand activity models, pocketbased and ligand property-based, for two important classes of proteins, nuclear and G-protein coupled receptors. For half the targets, the pocket models discriminate actives from property matched decoys with acceptable accuracy (the area under ROC curve, AUC, exceeding 84%) and for about one fifth of the targets with high accuracy (AUC > 95%). The 3D ligand property field models performed better than 95% in half of the cases. The high performance models can already become a basis of activity predictions for new chemicals. Family-wide benchmarking of the models highlights strengths of both approaches and helps identify their inherent bottlenecks and challenges.
3D ligand activity model, atomic property fields, docking, screening
Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0747, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.