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Mediterranean Diet and Oxidation: Nuts and Olive Oil as Important Sources of Fat and Antioxidants

[ Vol. 11 , Issue. 14 ]

Author(s):

Monica Bullo, Rosa Lamuela-Raventos and Jordi Salas-Salvado   Pages 1797 - 1810 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Oxidative stress has been involved in the aetiology of hypertension, insulin resistance, the metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and other chronic conditions. Several epidemiological studies suggest that a diet rich in natural antioxidants is associated with protective effects against major diseases, especially cardiovascular disease. The Mediterranean diet is rich in fat and foods with important antioxidant properties, such as fruits and vegetables, olive oil, and nuts. In this review we focus on epidemiological evidence and clinical trials that relate the Mediterranean diet with oxidative stress markers. We focus our review on two important Mediterranean vegetable sources of potentially oxidized fat-olive oil and nuts.

Keywords:

Nuts, virgin olive oil, oxidative stress, antioxidants, mediterranean diet, hypertension, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, oxidative stress markers, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer, Radical Scavenging

Affiliation:

Human Nutrition Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Rovira i Virgili University, 43201 Reus, Spain.



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