Karen A. Kurdziel and Dale O. Kiesewetter Pages 1792 - 1798 ( 7 )
The failure of solid tumors to respond to chemotherapy is a complicated and clinically frustrating issue. The ability to predict which tumors will respond to treatment could reduce the human and monetary costs of cancer therapy by allowing pro-active selection of a chemotherapeutic to which the tumor does not express resistance. PET/CT imaging with a radiolabeled form of paclitaxel, F-18 fluoropaclitaxel (FPAC), may be able to predict the uptake of paclitaxel in solid tumors, and as a substrate of P-glycoprotein, it may also predict which tumors exhibit multidrug resistance (MDR), a phenotype in which tumors fail to respond to a wide variety of chemically unrelated chemotherapeutic agents. This article reviews the synthetic, preclinical and early human data obtained during the development phase of this promising new radiopharmaceutical.
Drug development, Molecular Imaging, F-18 fluoropaclitaxel, Multidrug resistance, Paclitaxel, PET, Pgp, PET Imaging, 18F-Fluoropaclitaxel, P-glycoprotein, Tumor cells, chemotherapeutic agent, ABC (ATP Binding Cassette), Pgp expression, Cytochrome p450, Taxus brevifolia, Taxus baccata, Docetaxel, b-tubulin, Phenylisoserine moiety, [99mTc] sestamibi, [99mTc] tetrofosmin, tariquidar, XR9576, microPET, Pgp inhibitor, [18F]FPAC DMSO, Human breast tumor cell line, Standardized uptake value, MCF tumors, MIRDOSE, MDR modulator, Pgp modulation
Molecular Imaging Program (MIP)/CCR, National Cancer Institute, 10/B3B403, 10 Center Drive MSC 1180, Bethesda, MD 20892.