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Imidazole Scaffold Based Compounds in the Development of Therapeutic Drugs

[ Vol. 21 , Issue. 28 ]

Author(s):

Fanjie Hu, Lina Zhang, Kutty Selva Nandakumar and Kui Cheng*   Pages 2514 - 2528 ( 15 )

Abstract:


Imidazole has an important five-membered aromatic heterocyclic ring, which is available widely in natural products and synthetic molecules. The special structural characteristics of imidazole ring enable it to bind with a variety of enzymes and receptors through hydrogen bonds, coordination, ion-dipole and cation-π interactions, hydrophobic effects, and Van der Waals forces. These interactions promote several biological activities involving anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and anti-viral properties. Herein, we review and discuss recent developments in using imidazole derivatives and their special pharmacological activities for the treatment of various diseases.

Keywords:

Imidazole derivatives, Antitumor, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-microbial, Antiviral, Therapeutic drugs.

Affiliation:

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Screening and Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Drug Research for Emerging Virus Prevention and Treatment, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, 510515, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Screening and Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Drug Research for Emerging Virus Prevention and Treatment, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, 510515, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Screening and Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Drug Research for Emerging Virus Prevention and Treatment, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, 510515, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Screening and Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Drug Research for Emerging Virus Prevention and Treatment, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, 510515



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