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Self-Assembling, Ultrashort Peptide Gels as Antimicrobial Biomaterials

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 14 ]

Author(s):

Marina Kurbasic, Evelina Parisi, Ana M. Garcia and Silvia Marchesana*   Pages 1300 - 1309 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Supramolecular antimicrobial hydrogels based on peptides are attractive soft materials for the treatment of infections, considering their ease of preparation and benign fate in biological settings and in the environment. In particular, stimuli-responsive systems that can be assembled/disassembled ad hoc could offer the opportunity to switch on/off their bioactivity as needed. Besides, the shorter is the peptide, the lower its cost of production. However, a structure-to-function relationship is yet to be defined and reported activities are generally not yet competitive relative to traditional antibiotics. Inspiration for their design can be found in host defense peptides (HDPs), which can self-assemble to exert their function. This article reviews research developments in this emerging area, and it examines features, differences and similarities between antimicrobial and amyloid peptides to open the avenue towards the next generation of supramolecular antimicrobial peptides as innovative therapeutic materials.

Keywords:

Peptides, Self-assembly, Antimicrobial, Amyloid, Hydrogel, Smart materials.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste, Department of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Trieste, Trieste



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