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Is There a Role for Antioxidants in the Prevention of Infection-Associated Carcinogenesis and in the Treatment of Infection-Driven Tumors?

[ Vol. 15 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Chiara De Luca, Zaira Kharaeva and Liudmila Korkina   Pages 120 - 135 ( 16 )

Abstract:


Causative connections between infections and cancer are ascertained for several types of viruses, bacteria, and parasites. The mechanisms of cancer induction in chronically infected inflamed tissues strongly implicate oxygen- and nitrogen-centered reactive species, and an impairment of redox-sensitive molecular pathways involved in the tumorigenic transformation, tumor growth, altered immune defense, and in the mechanisms of tumor cell death and survival. Here, we briefly reviewed mechanistic data on carcinogenesis and tumor progression of three major infection-associated tumors, human papillomavirus-induced cervical cancer, hepatitis B virus-positive hepatocarcinoma, and Helicobacter pylori-positive gastric cancer. Notwithstanding the contradictory results of clinical studies on cancer chemoprevention with long-term, high dosage antioxidant vitamin/micronutrient supplementation, natural and synthetic agents with proven capacity to affect redox-dependent molecular pathways still hold the promise for preventing/delaying carcinogenesis initiation, as well as the overt malignancy evolution from dysplastic/ aplastic stages. Novel directions for a targeted antioxidant-based approach to the reduction of persistent infectiondriven cancer risk stems from the current knowledge of critical factors in the host-microbe interaction leading to oncogenesis. An emerging role of redox active substances in the chemotherapy of tumors relies on their stimulating effects towards TRAIL-related apoptosis and the induction of intracellular oxidative stress.

Keywords:

Antioxidants, Cervical cancer, Chemoprevention, Gastric adenocarcinoma, Hepatocarcinoma, Redox active compounds, TRAIL, Viruses.

Affiliation:

Centre of Innovative Biotechnological Investigations (CIBI-NANOLAB), 197 Vernadskogo Pr., Moscow Russia.

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