Daisuke Sawada and Atsushi Kittaka Pages 2454 - 2459 ( 6 )
As the first stable tachysterol analogs, 14-epi-19-nortachysterol and its 2-substituted derivatives were synthesized using the Stille coupling reaction between the A-ring precursor (three vinylstannanes) and the CD-ring vinyl trifrate. Among them, the 2-methylidene group was hydrogenated with Wilkinson’s catalyst regioselectively to obtain 2α- and 2β-methyl analogs after separation; therefore, five new 14-epi-19- nortachysterols were constructed. All 14-epi-19-nortachysterols showed moderate to strong human vitamin D receptor (hVDR) binding affinity except the 2α-(3-hydroxypropoxy) substituted analog. X-ray cocrystallographic analysis of the [truncated hVDR]-[2-methyl-14-epi-19-nortachysterol] complex exhibited an unusual binding structure that has not been observed previously.
Crystal structure, 14-Epimerization, Stille coupling, Tachysterol, Vitamin D3, Vitamin D receptor.
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Teikyo University, Kaga, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8605, Japan.