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Recent Developments in Azole Compounds as Antibacterial and Antifungal Agents

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 16 ]

Author(s):

Xin-Mei Peng, Gui-Xin Cai and Cheng-He Zhou   Pages 1963 - 2010 ( 48 )

Abstract:


Azole compounds are an important class of nitrogen heterocycles with electron-rich property. This special structure endows azole-based derivatives easily bind with the enzymes and receptors in organisms through noncovalent interactions such as hydrogen bonds, coordination bonds, ion-dipole, cation- π,π - π stacking and hydrophobic effect as well as van der Waals force etc., thereby possessing various applications in medicinal chemistry, especially their protrudent effects such as imidazoles and triazoles against fungal strains. The design, synthesis and antimicrobial activity of azole derivatives have been extensively investigated and have become one of the highly active highlights in recent years, and the progress is quite rapid. In particular, a large number of azole-based antibacterial and antifungal agents have been penetratingly studied as candidates and even some of them have been used in clinic, which have shown the great potential and development value of azole compounds. Based on our researches on azole compounds and referring to other literature, this work scientifically reviewed the researches and developments of azole-based compounds as antibacterial and antifungal agents, including oxazole, imidazole, benzimidazole, triazole, benzotriazole, pyrazole, thiazole, carbazole as well as tetrazole in recent three years. It is hopeful that azole compounds may continue to serve as an important direction for the exploitation of azole-based antibacterial and antifungal drugs with better curative effect, lower toxicity, less side effects, especially fewer resistances and so on.

Keywords:

Antibacterial, antifungal, carbazole, imidazole, oxazole, pyrazole, tetrazole, thiazole, triazole.

Affiliation:

Laboratory of Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400715, P.R. China.



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