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Article Details


Ontologies in Medicinal Chemistry: Current Status and Future Challenges

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Asuncion Gomez-Perez, Marcos Martinez-Romero, Alejandro Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Guillermo Vazquez and Jose M. Vazquez-Naya   Pages 576 - 590 ( 15 )

Abstract:


Recent years have seen a dramatic increase in the amount and availability of data in the diverse areas of medicinal chemistry, making it possible to achieve significant advances in fields such as the design, synthesis and biological evaluation of compounds. However, with this data explosion, the storage, management and analysis of available data to extract relevant information has become even a more complex task that offers challenging research issues to Artificial Intelligence (AI) scientists. Ontologies have emerged in AI as a key tool to formally represent and semantically organize aspects of the real world. Beyond glossaries or thesauri, ontologies facilitate communication between experts and allow the application of computational techniques to extract useful information from available data. In medicinal chemistry, multiple ontologies have been developed during the last years which contain knowledge about chemical compounds and processes of synthesis of pharmaceutical products. This article reviews the principal standards and ontologies in medicinal chemistry, analyzes their main applications and suggests future directions.

Keywords:

Drug design, Drug discovery, Medicinal chemistry, Ontologies, Semantic Web.

Affiliation:

Department of Information and Communication Technologies, Computer Science Faculty, University of A Coruna, Campus de Elvina, S/ N, 15071 A Coruna, Spain.



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